クロサワ ムツミ   KUROSAWA Mutsumi
  黒澤 睦
   所属   明治大学  法学部
   職種   専任教授
言語種別 英語
発行・発表の年月 2013/03
形態種別 大学・研究所紀要
標題 Victim's Criminal Complaint and Restorative Justice(被害者の告訴と修復的司法)
執筆形態 単著
掲載誌名 The Meiji Law Journal (The Institute of Law, Meiji University)
巻・号・頁 20,pp.19-24
概要 In the early Meiji Era (1868-1890), the Kokuso (criminal complaint) functioned similar to complaints processed according to civil procedure. The Kokuso assumed a purely public function. However, the Kokuso can be considered a victim's right to seek an appropriate investigation and obtain information as well as seek an appropriate prosecution. Prosecutors cannot prosecute offenders according to the Shinkoku-zai (offense prosecuted only upon a criminal complaint) without the Kokuso. Therefore, the Kokuso is a victim's right to stop prosecution, and thus stop investigation. Provisions of the Shinkoku-zai have purposes of settlement according to communities and/or parties. Moreover, the provision of the Shufuku (surrender him/herself to a person with the right to make the complaint), which is applied to all Shinkoku-zai, provides an opportunity for a restoration and apology. Considering these purposes, the Shinkoku-zai is considered as having a background in Restorative Justice.