モロイ ユウイチ   Moroi Yuichi
  師井 勇一
   所属   明治大学  国際日本学部
   職種   特任講師
言語種別 英語
発行・発表の年月 2018/03
形態種別 大学・研究所紀要
標題 "Christian Pacifism and Conscientious Objection in Japan, Part II: Ishiga Osamu"
執筆形態 単著
掲載誌名 Global Japanese Studies Review, Meiji University
掲載区分国内
出版社・発行元 School of Global Japanese Studies, Meiji University
巻・号・頁 10(1),pp.71-83
概要 This is the second of a two-part article that examines how Christian pacifism in Japan encouraged and set a limit on opposition to war in general and conscientious objection in particular at the turn of the twentieth century through WWII. Following an examination of one of the most prominent Christian pacifists of the nation, Uchimura Kanzo, in Part I, the second part focuses on one of the very rare conscientious objectors during WWII, Ishiga Osamu. The sources consulted are all primary: essays, articles, a diary, and a memoir, written by them, all published in Japanese. By interpreting the subjective meaning of war, peace, and conscientious objection, this article finds that Christian pacifism played an ambiguous role in opposition to war in Japan: on the one hand, the pacifists' reading of the Bible--especially the idea of nonresistance--provided a solid spiritual foundation for their belief and action; on the other hand, however, their overly religious interpretations of war and peace limited their ideas of war objection to develop fully. The limitation could be better understood as a part of the way war objection existed in the totalitarian society.